Lab tests may help clarify whether an illness is due to a virus, bacteria, or other infectious agent or disease process. The bacteria can cause blood infections, pneumonia, ... HIV virus damages T cells that are vital in helping the body fight off diseases, leaving those infected at risk of many types of infections. The symptoms of a bacterial infection will depend on the location of the infection and the type of bacteria. Definition of CRE . Antibiotics only work against bacterial infections. Bacteria may also enter your body through your airway and cause infections like bacterial pneumonia. Bacteria are group of micro-organisms that are a single cell approximately 1 micron in transverse diameter. Leptospirosis – This type of bacterial infection is common because it is highly contagious. Various tests are carried out in a laboratory to establish or confirm the diagnosis of a bacterial skin infection.Although a thorough history and examination of the patient are vital, laboratory tests can help the clinician to reach a diagnosis. Registered office: Antibiotic Research UK Genesis 5 York Science Park Heslington Both types of infections are caused by microbes -- bacteria and viruses, respectively -- and spread by things such as: Coughing and sneezing. Using a specific antibiotic will increase the chances that the infection is cured and help to prevent antibiotic resistance. Pulmonary Tuberculosis 2. Infectious types of bacteria can sometimes invade the body and cause a variety of medical conditions, which may need to be treated with prescription medications such as antibiotics. Some oral infections are more serious than others. There are some general signs of bacterial infection: fever Both types of bacteria are capable of causing different infections to humans. Other examples of bacterial lung diseases include Legionnaire's disease, inhalation anthrax and whooping cough, also known as pertussis 4. ISBN 978-0-87553-189-2; Red Book: 2009 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. While this is most commonly caused by bacterial infections, sepsis can also be the result of fungal or viral infections. Why do we need laboratory testing for bacterial infections?. The following are four different types of skin infections: 1. There are different types of bacteria (good & bad), but in this article, we will explore a list of scary diseases caused by harmful bacteria. Fungal infections are caused by fungi, and these usually develop on a person's skin. pyogenes are cocci shaped bacteria that typically colonize the skin and throat areas of the body. What are the symptoms of a bacterial infection? These bacterial diseases examples are commonly spread only when person comes in contact with this bacterium that stays in human body. Bacterial diseases were once leading causes of death. While the majority of sinus infections are caused by a viral or bacterial infection, they can also occur due to fungal infections. There are a great many types of bacterial infection that can affect the skin, most of which can be easily treated with antibiotics. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) / CC BY 2.0. Bacteria are the most common causes of UTIs, especially in the urethra and bladder. Some bacteria cause disease in man, requiring treatment with an … A Leptospirosis bacterial infection occurs when a dog drinks stagnant water contaminated by urine or fecal matter. Bacterial skin infections. Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD) - PO Box 8126, Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126 - Toll-free: 1-888-205-2311 Syphilis 10. Virus types Bacterial infections except chlamydiae: Specimen consists of exudate, collected by a sterile platinum loop … ISBN 978-1-58110-306-9 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In general, bacterial infections are treated with antibiotics as a course. The lungs are particularly vulnerable to bacterial infections. Control of Communicable Diseases Manual. A fungal infection causes athlete's foot. Tetanus 7. Serious infections can be treated with antibiotics, which work by disrupting the bacterium’s metabolic processes, although antibiotic-resistant strains are starting to emerge. APHA [American Public Health Association] Press; 2000. High or low temperatures, shivering, chills, fast breathing, and rapid heartbeats are early signs of sepsis. The symptoms of viral and bacterial illnesses are sometimes similar. These types of bacterial skin infections are not discussed in this article. Effective treatment depends on the right diagnosis. Many types of bacteria can cause bone and joint infections, including Staphylococcus aureus, also called staph, Enterobacter, and Streptococcus. The type of bacteria causing an infection will usually influence the type of treatment given. The major symptoms associated with this disease are spleen, enlarged liver, rose coloured chest spots, constipation, diarrhea, headache and high fever. 2 Bacterial disease, any of a variety of illnesses caused by bacteria. Bacterial Disease: Type # 6. The signs and symptoms differ according to the kinds of infection, but usually a patient will have chills or a fever. Bacterial Disease # 1. Dental caries, also known as tooth decay or cavity, is a bacterial infection that causes demineralization and destruction of the hard tissues (enamel, dentin, and cementum). There are various types of bacterial infections that can affect your cat and its major organs. History of Bacterial Diseases: There were many pieces of evidence in books and sculptures of these bacterial diseases from ancient Egyptian and ancient Chinese times (3000 BCE) for hundreds of years. This page does not cover conditions such as ringworm or athlete’s foot (fungal), cold sores (viral) or scabies (parasitic), although these conditions can allow bacterial infections to take hold, too. Improved sanitation, vaccines, and antibiotics significantly decreased mortality rates. Laboratory diagnosis: 1. 1. Other types of bacterial infections include urinary tract infections (including bladder and kidney infections) and dental abscesses , as well as infections caused by MRSA , Group B Streptococcus , and C. Difficile . While young felines have a better immunity against major bacterial infections, the youngest ones are more prone to infections because of the lack of major antibodies. 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